EFFECTIVE DATE: 5/3/17
CANCELS SHEET DATED: 1/2/13
REVIEWED BY POLICY COMMITTEE: 4/25/17
RSU #74 DISTRICT WELLNESS
The RSU #74 School District recognizes the importance of physical and psychological health, and acknowledges the relationship between personal wellness and academic performance. Additionally,
RSU #74 believes that students who learn and practice healthy lifestyles in their formative years may be more likely to be conscious of the importance of good nutrition and exercise as adults, practice healthy habits, and reduce their risk of obesity, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. The practice of healthy choices by positive role models has a direct impact on students by inspiring continued healthy lifestyle choices. RSU #74 is committed to providing a school culture that supports staff and student wellness. The schools will provide a physical and social environment that encourages safe physical activity and fosters the development of a positive attitude toward health and fitness. Relevant professional developments will be provided for school staff.
School Wellness Committee
To help achieve these policy goals, there will be a District Wellness Committee who will meet regularly.
The Wellness Committee shall serve as an advisory committee in regard to student wellness issues and will be responsible for making recommendations related to the wellness policy, wellness goals, administrative or school regulations and practices, or raising awareness of student health issues.
With the prior approval of the Superintendent/designee, the Wellness Committee may survey parents, students, and the community and/or conduct focus groups or community forums.
The Wellness Committee shall provide periodic reports to the Superintendent/designee and, as requested, to the Board.
The current district Wellness Policy will be shared with the community via the District website. Copies are also available in each of the District schools.
Appointment and Role of the Wellness Committee
The District-wide Wellness Committee will strive to include representation of at least one of each of the following:
- Board Member
- School Administrator
- Food Services Director/Designee
- High School and Middle School Student Representatives
- Parent Representative
- Community Representative
The Wellness Committee may also include:
- School Nurse
- Guidance Counselor
- Social Worker
- Community Organization or Agency Representative
- Other Staff, as designated by the Board
- Other Persons, as designated by the Board
The District will ensure that all meals provided by its Food Services Program meet or exceed current nutrition requirements established under the Healthy Hunger-free Kids Act of 2010 (www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/dietaryspecs.pdf. To the extent possible, school meals shall include adequate time for eating, should be scheduled at appropriate times, will provide student access to hand washing and/or sanitizing, and whenever possible, lunch will follow recess, where applicable.
Foods and beverages sold individually (i.e., foods sold outside of reimbursable school meals, such as through vending machines, cafeteria a la carte lines, fundraisers, school stores, etc.) during the school day must meet the standards detailed in the USDA’s Nutrition Standards or All Foods Sold in Schools (Smart Snacks) rule. The standards are available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/healthierschoolday/tools-schools-focusing-smart-snacks.
Food Marketing in Schools
School-based marketing will be consistent with nutrition education and health promotion. As such, schools will limit food and beverage marketing to the promotion of foods and beverages that meet the nutrition standards for meals or for foods and beverages sold individually (USDA Smart Snacks in School rule.) School-based marketing of brands promoting predominantly low-nutrition foods and beverages is prohibited. The promotion of healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products is encouraged.
Examples of marketing techniques include the following: logos and brand names on/in vending machines, books or curricula, textbook covers, school supplies, scoreboards, school structures, and sports equipment; educational incentive programs that provide food as a reward; programs that provide schools with supplies when families buy low-nutrition food products; in-school television, such as Channel One; free samples or coupons; and food sales through fundraising activities. Marketing activities that promote healthful behaviors (and are therefore allowable) include: vending machine covers promoting water; pricing structures that promote healthy options in a la carte lines or vending machines; sales of fruit for fundraisers; and coupons for discount gym memberships.
Nutritional Quality of Foods and Beverages Sold and Served on Campus
Meals served through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs will:
- Be appealing and attractive to children;
- Be served in clean and pleasant settings;
- Meet, at minimum, nutrition requirements established by local, state and federal statutes and regulations;
- Offer a variety of fruits and vegetables;
- Serve only low-fat (1%) and fat-free milk and nutritionally-equivalent nondairy alternatives (to be defined by the USDA); and
- Ensure that all grains served are whole grains as required.
- Include access to free drinking water
To encourage all children to have breakfast, either at home or at school, in order to meet their nutritional needs and enhance their ability to learn, schools will, to the extent possible:
- operate & promote a School Breakfast Program;
- arrange bus schedules and utilize methods to serve school breakfasts that encourage participation. Notify parents and students of the availability of the School Breakfast Program.
Meal Times and Scheduling
- will provide students with adequate time to eat after sitting down for breakfast and for lunch;
- should schedule meal periods at appropriate times, e.g., lunch should be scheduled between 11am and 1pm;
- should not schedule tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or activities during mealtimes, unless students may eat during such activities;
- will begin to schedule lunch periods to follow recess periods (in elementary schools);
- will provide students access to handwashing or hand sanitizing before they eat meals or snacks;
- will be allowed to eat lunch without the constraints of outdoor attire; and
- should take reasonable steps to accommodate the tooth-brushing regimens of students with special oral health needs (e.g., orthodontia or high tooth decay risk).
School food service staff, at the school or district level, will ensure compliance with nutrition policies within school food service areas and will report on this matter to the superintendent. In addition, the school district will report on the most recent USDA School Meals Initiative (SMI) review findings and any resulting changes. If the district has not received a SMI review from the state agency within the past three years, the district will request from the state agency that a SMI review be scheduled as soon as possible.
To support children's health and school nutrition-education efforts, school fundraising activities will not involve food or will be encouraged to use only foods that meet the above nutrition standards for foods and beverages sold individually. (USDA Smart Snacks in School rule). Schools will encourage fundraising activities that promote physical activity. The school district will make available a list of ideas for acceptable fundraising activities.
All food and beverages sold and served outside of the school meal programs (“competitive” foods and beverages) shall, at a minimum, meet the standards established in USDA’s Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in Schools (Smart Snacks) rule. The standards are available at http://fns.usda.gov/healthierschoolday/tools-schools-focusing-smart-snacks.
Snacks served during the school day or in after-school care or enrichment programs will make a positive contribution to children's diets and health, with an emphasis on serving whole grains, fruits and vegetables as the primary snacks and water as the primary beverage. Schools will assess if and when to offer snacks based on timing of school meals, children's nutritional needs, children's ages, and other considerations. The district will make available a list of healthful snack items to teachers, after-school program personnel, and parents.
If eligible, schools that provide snacks through after-school programs will pursue receiving reimbursements through the National School Lunch Program.
Schools will not use foods or beverages as rewards for academic performance or good behavior, and will not withhold food or beverages (including food served through school meals) as a punishment. Instead, all schools within the district will encourage using physical activity as a reward.
Schools should limit celebrations that involve food during the school day to no more than one party per class per month. Each party should include no more than one food or beverage that does not meet nutrition standards for foods and beverages sold individually (USDA Smart Snacks in School rule.) The district will make available a list of healthy party ideas to parents and teachers.
School-sponsored Events (such as, but not limited to, athletic events, dances, or performances)
Foods and beverages offered at school-sponsored events outside the school day will be encouraged to meet the nutrition standards for meals or for foods and beverages sold individually (USDA Smart Snacks in School rule.)
Nutrition Education and Promotion
RSU #74 aims to teach, encourage, and support healthy eating by students. Schools should provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that:
- is offered at each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based program designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect their health;
- is part of not only health education classes, but also classroom instruction in subjects such as math, science, language arts, social sciences, and elective subjects;
- includes enjoyable, developmentally-appropriate, culturally-relevant, participatory activities, such as contests, promotions, taste testing, farm visits, and school gardens;
- promotes fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, low-fat and fat-free dairy products, healthy food preparation methods, and health-enhancing nutrition practices;
- emphasizes caloric balance between food intake and energy expenditure (physical activity/exercise);
- links with school meal programs, other school foods, and nutrition-related community services;
- teaches media literacy with an emphasis on food marketing; and
- includes & provides training for teachers and other staff.
Physical Activity Opportunities and Physical Education
RSU #74 will strive to provide all students developmentally appropriate opportunities for physical activity through physical education classes, recess periods for elementary school students, and extracurricular activities (clubs, intramural, and interscholastic athletics). School programs are intended to build and maintain physical fitness and to promote healthy lifestyles. The schools should encourage parents to support their children’s participation in physical activities, including available before-school and after-school programs.
Physical Education (P.E.) K-12
All students in grades K-8, including students with disabilities, special health-care needs, and in alternative educational settings, should be scheduled to receive a minimum of 45 minutes/week for elementary students and 90 minutes/week for middle school students for the entire school year of physical education. All students in grades 9-12 including students with disabilities, special health-care needs, and in alternative educational settings, should be scheduled to receive, at a minimum, an average of 137 minutes/week for four semesters of physical education. All physical education will be taught by a certified physical education teacher. Student involvement in other activities involving physical activity (e.g., interscholastic or intramural sports) will not be substituted for meeting the physical education requirement. Students will spend at least 50 percent of physical education class time participating in moderate to vigorous physical activity.
All elementary school students should be scheduled to have at least 20 minutes a day of supervised recess, preferably outdoors, during which schools should encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity verbally and through the provision of space and equipment.
Schools should discourage extended periods (i.e., periods of two or more hours) of inactivity. When activities, such as mandatory school-wide testing, make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods of time, schools should give students periodic breaks during which they are encouraged to stand and be moderately active.
Physical Activity Opportunities Before and After School
All middle and high schools will offer extracurricular physical activity programs, such as physical activity clubs or intramural programs. All high schools, and middle schools as appropriate, will offer interscholastic sports programs. Schools will offer a range of activities that meet the needs, interests, and abilities of all faculty, students, including boys, girls, students with disabilities, and students with special health-care needs.
After-school activity and enrichment programs will provide and encourage – verbally and through the provision of space, equipment, and activities – daily periods of moderate to vigorous physical activity for all participants.
Physical Activity and Punishment
Teachers and other school personnel will not use physical activity or withhold opportunities for physical activity as punishment where practical.
Safe Routes to School
The school district will assess and, if necessary and to the extent possible, make needed improvements to make it safer and easier for students to walk and bike to school. When appropriate, the district will work together with local public works, public safety, and/or police departments in those efforts. The school district will explore the availability of federal "safe routes to school" funds, administered by the state department of transportation, to finance such improvements.
Use of School Facilities Outside of School Hours
School spaces and facilities should be available to students, staff, and community members before and after the school day, on weekends, and during school vacations. These spaces and facilities also should be available to community agencies and organizations offering physical activity and nutrition programs. School policies concerning safety will apply at all times. Refer to Policy KF – Community Use of School Facilities for more specific information.
Communications with Parents
The district will support parents' efforts to provide a healthy diet and daily physical activity for their children. The district/school will send home nutrition information, post nutrition tips on school websites and monthly lunch menus.
The district/school will provide information about physical education and other school-based physical activity opportunities before, during, and after the school day; and support parents' efforts to provide their children with opportunities to be physically active outside of school. Such supports will include sharing information about physical activity and physical education through a website, newsletter, or other take-home materials, special events, or physical education homework.
RSU #74 highly values the health and wellbeing of every staff member and will plan and implement activities and policies that encourages administrators, staff and visitors to model nutritious food choices, physically active lifestyles, and healthy eating habits. The district wellness committee will also explore and make recommendations to staff wellness issues.
Other School-Based Wellness Activities
The Schools, with prior approval of the Superintendent/designee, may implement other appropriate programs that support consistent wellness messages and promote healthy eating, physical activity, and other healthy living choices.
IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING & POLICY REVIEW:
The Superintendent/designee shall be responsible for the implementation of the Wellness Policy, for monitoring efforts to meet the intent of this policy, and for reporting to the School Board/community on an annual basis. Monitoring may include surveys or solicitation of input from students, parents, staff, and school administrators. In each school, the principal or designee will ensure compliance with those policies in his/her school and will report annually on the school's compliance to the school district superintendent or designee.
Reports may include, but are not limited to:
- The status of the school environment in regard to student wellness issues.
- Evaluation of the school food nutrition program and compliance with nutrition guidelines.
- Summary/list of wellness programs and activities in the schools.
- Feedback from the Health Advisory Council/Wellness Team, or its subcommittees.
- Recommendations for policy, program or curriculum revisions.
Any person who observes practices inconsistent with the District Wellness Policy should contact the school principal. If inconsistencies are still not adequately addressed, any person may contact the Superintendent.
The District Wellness Committee will review the District Wellness Policy and other related policies as needed and make necessary recommendations for revisions to the superintendent or designee.
Legal Reference: 42 U.S.C. §1751